Tag: Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani

Ideology underpins Iran’s rising axis of resistance?


The ideology underpinning the Iranian-led axis of resistance in the Middle East has evolved, according to Harvard analysts Payam Mohseni and Hussein Kalout. From a primarily state-centered enterprise, it has… Read more »

Iran’s ‘mythical moderate’: Rafsanjani blended economic liberalism, political authoritarianism


Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (above, left) , who has died aged 82, was one of the leaders of the Islamic Republic of Iran; a shrewd politician who many Iranians saw as… Read more »