Five years ago this month, the UN Human Rights Council published the Report of the commission of inquiry on human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. This report and the actions that followed its release are a major milestone in the effort to encourage North Korea to improve its appalling human rights record, says Robert R. King, CSIS Senior Adviser (Non-resident) and Korea Chair.
The resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council after it considered the COI report, asked the UN high commissioner for human rights to create a UN human rights field office. That office has been a focal point for information on human rights violations, and the head of that UN office, Signe Poulsen, has been an important voice pressing for human rights in North Korea, he writes:
The outstanding work of the COI on North Korean human rights has been a major step forward in pushing North Korea in the right direction on human rights—though clearly there is a long way yet to go. But this action has also emphasized that moving North Korea to accept international standards of behavior—in human rights as well as nuclear security—is important if Pyongyang is to be accepted as a full participant in the world community.
Human rights are the key to a North Korea deal, analyst Victor Cha writes for Bloomberg View:
- For one thing, stopping North Korea’s bomb-making activities means blocking the hard currency flows that finance them. Much of that money comes from the regime’s slave-labor exports and other abusive business activities.
- Second,in order to verify any nuclear deal, inspectors have to be able to move around the country to different sites. That will require a much more open North Korean society than exists today, for which the U.S. should be pressing simultaneously with denuclearization.
- Third, raising human rights can strengthen U.S. leverage in the talks. Over the past three decades, North Korea has barely cracked a yawn when Washington has condemned its nuclear activities. But, when the international community began shining a spotlight on Pyongyang’s human-rights abuses in 2014, the reclusive regime, feeling vulnerable, quickly dispatched diplomats abroad to lobby against punitive resolutions at the U.N.
- Fourth, for Trump to integrate human-rights demands into the negotiations would be smart politics at home, given how reluctant Congress will likely be to accept any deal that doesn’t address those issues.
To ignore human rights because it makes Pyongyang unhappy in order to push Kim Jong-un to make progress on denuclearization leads us in the wrong direction, adds King, who previously served as special envoy for North Korean human rights issues at the U.S. Department of State from November 2009 to January 2017. RTWT
The Committee For Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK) cordially invites you to:
Tuesday, March 5, 2019
10:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.
European Parliament, ASP A3E2 (details above) RSVP