After World War II, human rights and democratic governance made great strides around the globe, according to Florida International University’s David J. Kramer and John F. Stack, Jr. The “Second Wave” of democracy, as the late Samuel Huntington described it, followed the Allied victory in the war and the transformation of Germany, Japan, and Italy from vanquished powers into thriving democracies. The “Third Wave,” during the 1970s and 1980s, brought democratic movements to Latin America, Europe, and Asia, culminating in the fall of the Berlin Wall, the collapse of the Warsaw Pact, and, two years later, the demise of the Soviet Union, they write for The American Interest:
In 1983, with strong Congressional backing, the Reagan Administration launched the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) and its related organizations: the National Democratic Institute (NDI), the International Republican Institute (IRI), the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE), and the Solidarity Center. These organizations formed the core of American efforts to promote democracy around the world. Other organizations—such as Freedom House, Human Rights Watch, Human Rights First, and Amnesty International—have played a critical role, too. No other country has devoted the resources or personnel to support freedom and human rights worldwide.
Democracy and human rights are essential for providing people living in poverty and under oppression with power, voice and choice to improve their living conditions, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency notes in a new report (left). Sida’s support to the thematic area of democracy and human rights amounted to SEK 6 billion in 2017. This makes democracy and human rights Sida’s largest thematic area, equivalent to approximately 28% of Sida’s total disbursement in 2017.
“Human rights defenders need and deserve the support of the United States and that of other democracies,” Kramer and Stack add. “American leadership, hard to envision right now, must be restored to carry on this indispensable mission.”
David J. Kramer is senior fellow of the Vaclav Havel Program on Human Rights and Diplomacy at Florida International University’s Steven J. Green School of International & Public Affairs and a former Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. John F. Stack, Jr. is the founding dean of FIU’s Green School and professor of politics, international relations, and law.