Does the West still serve as the point of reference for Turkey’s domestic transformation? This has historically (over the past two centuries) been the case, with the West/Europe serving as the model for Turkey’s domestic political transformation, democratization and economic modernization, notes analyst Galip Dalay of the Centre for Applied Turkey Studies (CATS).
More recently, Turkey’s foreign policy balancing strategy was not driven solely by discontent with the West, he writes for the SWP – Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (German Institute for
International and Security Affairs). It was also informed by Turkey’s reading of the global order becoming more multipolar and less Western-centric. In spite of similarities in their narratives, Turkish and Russian anti-Westernisms manifest themselves differently in policy terms, and Russia’s geopolitical revisionism is set to drive Turkey and the West relatively closer together in matters geopolitical and strategic. RTWT
Appreciative of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s mediating role in the Ukraine war and seeing an opportunity to pull Turkey away from Russia, several NATO countries have helped boost Erdoğan’s image in recent weeks with high-level diplomatic visits and new offers of previously off-limits arms deals, POMED Turkey Program Coordinator Merve Tahiroğlu observes.
These policies surely please Erdoğan (and his military), at least enough to keep Ankara from buying even more weapons from Russia for a while. Yet they also come as Turkey faces heightening political oppression, a crushing (and largely self-inflicted) economic crisis, and the lowest rate of public confidence in Erdoğan’s government in two decades, adds Tahiroğlu , a former Penn Kemble fellow at the National Endowment for Democracy (NED).