Is ‘fear of being outnumbered’ driving illiberalism?


The right-wing politics coming to the fore in Hungary, Poland, and other postcommunist countries has less to do with the reassertion of primordial nationalist and illiberal identities than with a perceived need on the part of citizens in those places for independence, recognition, and dignity, Ivan Krastev and Stephen Holmes argue in The Light That Failed: Why the West Is Losing the Fight for Democracy. The authors argue that, especially after the long wake of the 2008 financial crisis, Western defenders of liberal democracy need to offer a more realistic vision of world order, making room for alternative models while maintaining faith in the resilience of liberalism, G. John Ikenberry writes for Foreign Affairs.

In the latest issue of the NED’s Journal of Democracy, Krastev explores how the “fear of being outnumbered” may be driving illiberalism in Central and Eastern Europe.
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