Popular support for democracy was dwindling even in the decade before expert surveys (such as Freedom in the World and V-Dem) began to show the reality of democratic retreat, according to analysts Yun-han Chu, Kai-Ping Huang, Marta Lagos, and Robert Mattes.
Decreasing support for democracy is tied to low satisfaction with how democracy works in practice, and it contributes to the rise of populist leaders who concentrate power in the executive branch. These phenomena reflect the waning capacity of the state to improve governance across all countries. As a result, democracy is likely to face another lackluster decade if both structural and institutional problems are left unsolved.
A widening gap between the trust that citizens are willing to place in the executive and the trust that they accord to the legislature may be the harbinger of executive aggrandizement, they write for the Journal of Democracy, citing two main findings.
- First, when people start trusting the executive branch more than the legislature, the country as a whole is likely to display a higher level of democratic satisfaction but a lower level of support for democracy, resulting in a larger gap between the two attitudes. In the Philippines, trust in the president rose from 40 to 55 percent. At the same time, trust in the legislature continued to hover around 40 percent….
- The second major finding is that when people trust the legislative more than the executive branch, support for democracy tends to be on the upswing. The Venezuelan case displays this….
Although expert surveys were sunnier and concluded that the retreat of the third-wave democratization between 2005 and 2016 was worrying but not threatening, results based on popular surveys showed a precipitous fall in support for democracy across countries during the same period, with much stronger reasons for pessimism, they conclude. RTWT
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Yun-han Chu is Distinguished Research Fellow at the Institute of Political Science at Academia Sinica, a professor of political science at National Taiwan University, and director of the Asian Barometer Survey. Kai-Ping Huang is assistant professor of political science at National Taiwan University and the corresponding author of this article (firstname.lastname@example.org). Marta Lagos is the founding director of Latinobarómetro Corporation. Robert Mattes is professor of politics at the University of Strathclyde and a founding member of Afrobarometer.